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Aleutian disease

Aleutian disease

Aleutian disease (or Mink Plasmacytosis) is caused by the Aleutian Disease Virus (ADV), a parvovirus, and occurs quite frequently in minks. It is a chronic illness.

Cause of Aleutian disease

Infection is transferred from one animal to another. The virus can be transmitted to other animals via the saliva, blood, urine, or faeces of an infected mink. Infection can also spread via contaminated clothing or cages. Not all infected minks will become sick, but they can still spread the disease.

Symptoms of Aleutian disease

  • Weight loss
  • Poor coat
  • Lethargy
  • Poor appetite
  • Anaemia
  • Blood in the stool

Effects of Aleutian disease

  • Poor liver and kidney function
  • Spontaneous abortion
  • Eye infection
  • Lung infection
  • Heart problems
  • Paralysis of the back leg(s)

Prevention of Aleutian disease

Infected animals must be isolated as quickly as possible to prevent further infection. In addition to that, proper hygiene must be implemented.

This can be done by following the cleaning protocol below:

  • 1. Remove coarse dirt and faeces from the stall.
  • 2. Scrub the stall with MS Topfoam LC ALK (at 2% concentration, let sit for a min. of 30 minutes to a max. of 2 hours) and spray clean at high pressure, then rinse at low pressure.
  • 3. Disinfect with MS Ascar-Cocci DES (apply at a 4% concentration, let sit for 2 hours) and rinse afterward.
  • 4. Disinfect with MS Megades Novo (apply at a 1.5% concentration, let sit for 2 hours) and leave to dry.
  • 5. The stall is now ready for use again.

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